SURF participates in many international collaborative agreements. Around half of SURFnet's network traffic has an international destination, making international connections and projects an important part of SURFnet's services. The optical hub set up by SURFnet has enabled the creation of international light paths.
Other research networks
SURFnet works closely together with other research networks. In the European context, SURFnet is a member of GÉANT, the umbrella organisation for European research networks. Within GÉANT, SURFnet has set up partnerships with various research networks, such as NORDUnet and JANET.
SURFnet also collaborated with the American Internet2 network (among others), and assisted with the preparations for the 100 Gbit/s connection. Collaboration takes place in the field of cloud technology, and to create robust and seamless connections between federations for identity management. Lastly, Internet2 and SURFnet are organising the first international edition of the Enlighten Your Research competition.
In recent years, SURFnet has worked to create and upgrade international research (and other) networks. New network concepts – such as light paths – have been applied, allowing scientists and academics to trial new research methods and forms of collaboration. SURFnet also maintains international internet connections with:
- the Amsterdam Internet Exchange (AMS-IX), in order to connect to the networks of a large number of Internet Service Providers (ISPs);
- other Dutch and European ISPs via direct connections (private peerings);
- GÉANT, the European research network; and
- Manhattan Landing (MAN LAN), the hub of the US research network that is also linked to major research networks in Asia.
Light path connections
SURFnet also maintains a large number of international light path connections via NetherLight, a hub that is playing a key role in the growing international fibre-optic network. Examples of international light path connections include those with research networks GÉANT2 and GLORIAD, CERN for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), StarLight in America, and MoscowLight in Russia.
SURFnet participates in the following international projects:
- GLIF (Global Lambda Integrated Facility): an international alliance whose aim is to promote the use of lambda connections. SURFnet was one of the instigators, and plays an active part in a number of working groups.
- GÉANT projects: GÉANT is a European collaborative project aimed at developing the next generation of the European GÉANT research network. The project is partially subsidised by the European Union.
- GLORIAD: This project aims to create a new academic network connecting the United States, Canada, South Korea, Russia, the Netherlands and China. NetherLight will be the European link within this network. GLORIAD stands for 'Global Ring Network for Advanced Application Development', and forms a ring around the Earth between the cities of Chicago, Amsterdam, Moscow, Novosibirsk, Zabaykal'sk, Manzhouli, Beijing and Hong Kong.
- NEXPReS: NEXPReS is a three-year project focusing on the continued development of the online services of the European VLBI Network (EVN), with the aim of including these services in all astronomical observations made by the EVN.