The level of transparency and openness that is increasingly being demanded in the field of science requires far-reaching changes in the way researchers approach and conduct their research. The quantity of research data is also growing explosively. How can we facilitate the transition to open science in a responsible manner?
Role of SURF
Much of the required technology in relation to network, data, and computing is available under one roof at the SURF cooperative. The dialogue with other organisations aimed at encouraging innovation is an integral part of how people work within our cooperative. This enables SURF to contribute to the practical implementation of the transformation to an open and data-intensive form of science.
How we collect, store, and analyse research data is continually evolving. The guiding principle here is summarised by FAIR: data must be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and therefore Reusable. That's quite a challenge. After all, how long does data have to be stored in compliance with FAIR? Where will the money come from? Who is responsible for data management?
National Coordination Point Research Data Management
The management of research data is multifaceted. Together with the institutions, the National Coordination Point Research Data Management has identified five issues to tackle: facilities and data infrastructure; legal aspects and ownership; finance; research support and advice; and awareness and engagement.
Open access to research results allows publications and research data to be viewed on the Internet free of restrictions, free of charge and without licence or copyright conditions. As such, open access benefits authors, readers, educators and researchers. The Dutch research universities and universities of applied sciences support open access.
SURF contributes to the transition to an Open Access model of publication. We facilitate the agreements entered into by institutes of higher education and scientific publishers in this regard. And we explore areas in which ICT solutions can contribute to the transition to Open Access and organise international knowledge sharing activities on Open Access.
All manner of organisations collect information about research. Research universities and universities of applied sciences keep track of the work being done by their own researchers and of their researchers’ publications, which are registered in research information systems. With a persistent identifier, digital objects, such as a dataset, can be assigned a unique number that permanently represent that object. Persons are also assigned a unique number, an author identifier, to prevent confusion regarding author identity (names are not unique, whereas numbers are). The use and impact of research that is available online can be measured by means of metrics. Among other things, metrics provide information about online viewing and downloads of publications and research data.