Questions and answers about online proctoring

Are you going to take an exam at home with online proctoring? Do you know how it works? And what about your privacy? Here you will find answers to frequently asked questions about online proctoring. If you still have any further questions, please send them to

Iris Huis in t Veld - Privacyspecialist
In this video, I explain how online proctoring works, how it approaches your privacy, and what your rights are.
Iris Huis in 't Veld, privacyspecialist at SURF

What is online proctoring?

Online proctoring is a form of location-independent digital assessment that involves online invigilation using special software. Online proctoring software promises to allow students to sit their exams anywhere (for example at home) in fraud-resistant conditions and/or with invigilation against fraud. Monitoring software, video images and student screen share feeds should prevent students from engaging in fraud.

There are 4 forms:

  • The use of live conferencing tools: with this option, lecturers themselves use regular conferencing software and they take a closer look at the students during the exam. The lecturer can see the students with the webcam and ask them to show identification during the exam. However, the lecturer cannot see the students' screens.
  • Live proctoring: the oldest form whereby an invigilator monitors a group of students in real time using webcams. The greatest advantage of this is that the proctor (invigilator) can intervene directly.
  • Recorded proctoring: a proctor watches a recording, which is often accelerated – in some cases only random selections are checked. The institution decides whether the proctor reviews everything or random selections.
  • Automated proctoring: the software registers and highlights doubtful moments for the proctor to review and assess.

Further questions?

If you have any further questions about online proctoring after watching this video, visit the frequently asked questions or send your questions to