Open up access to research results, learning materials, standards and sources
SURF strives to improve education and research using ICT. In doing so, we want to remove as far as possible barriers to functional possibilities, accessibility, and collaboration. That is why SURF supports open access to research results, learning materials, standards and open source.
SURF prioritises ´open´
Together with instituitions SURF prioritises the ‘open’ theme. This applies to the fields of both education and research. We are currently leading the international field in terms of national cooperation in this area.
The ‘digital openness family’ consists of the following members:
- open access
- open learning materials
- open research data
- open standards
- open source
Open access and open science
Access to knowledge, information and data is key to higher education and research. The use of these elements is the basis for all knowledge transfers (education) and knowledge development (research). SURF signed the ‘Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities’ on 1 December 2004 and actively promotes open access in the Netherlands. SURF strives to ensure open access to scientific materials, based a standardised, coherent and interoperable approach.
Freely available scientific materials
The Berlin Declaration calls upon researchers to make their scientific materials freely available to all. They can do so via online repositories or open access periodicals. In addition to articles, they can also share raw data and research materials. In addition to consulting and distributing this information, users should be able to use these materials in derivative studies. This is subject to only one condition: stating the original author’s name.
Open learning materials
Open learning materials, or open educational resources (OER), can play a crucial role in the transition to an education system that combines innovation, a tailor-made approach, high quality, cost-reduction and efficiency. OER stands for open educational resources (in the form of individual materials and entire courses) available for online use and reuse. These open resources may be copied, edited and distributed subject to specific conditions.
Open teaching materials
A growing number of higher education institutions around the world are offering open access to their teaching materials. Governments are investing heavily in the development of open learning materials. This development is part of the global ‘open movement’. In 2011, SURF launched the Open Educational Resources innovation programme. The programme’s objective includes raising awareness and developing a clear vision on OER. Efforts are also made to stimulate the development, use and reuse of OER. Collaborations at a national level are organised within the Open Educational Resources Special Interest Group, an initiative facilitated by SURF.
Open research data
In addition to accessible publications, SURF is working to ensure optimal open access to research data. Naturally, such open access must be based around the protection of personal data and commercial interests. SURF is conducting these efforts in collaboration with various organisations in the Netherlands and abroad, based on the ‘open where possible, closed where necessary’ philosophy. Free access to research data allows for the verification of results and efficient reuse of results in education and research. The combination of datasets also facilitates new forms of research. Collaborations at a national level are organised within the Research Data Special Interest Group, an initiative facilitated by SURF.
SURF strives to apply open standards (where available) and promote their use. This will make it easier to collaborate and rule out dependency on any one supplier. In cases where no open standards are available, SURF will contribute to their development.
SURF provides ICT services and negotiates advantageous terms for the use of software and services. As a result, higher education and research institutions gain access to high-end facilities. In many cases, the desired functionality can be achieved through either open or closed source solutions. Content considerations often determine the solution institutions choose for their own services and own use. The emphasis is on functionality, manageability, expandability and one-off and recurring costs. As regards the supply of software to the various participating institutions, SURF strives to offer various options. Both open and closed source alternatives are thus provided where possible.
If no adequate open or closed source solutions are available, SURF can decide to develop software code or other materials. This approach is based on the idea that our services should not be restricted by current market supply. If the results are also of interest to parties other than the participating institutions, efforts are made to make them freely available and reusable for all (open source). SURF has made a great deal of software available through open source over the years.